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Friday, October 07, 2011

Prevention of pain on injection of propofol: systematic review and meta-analysis -- Jalota et al. 342 -- bmj.com

Prevention of pain on injection of propofol: systematic review and meta-analysis -- Jalota et al. 342 -- bmj.com: "Conclusions The two most efficacious interventions to reduce pain on injection of propofol were use of the antecubital vein, or pretreatment using lidocaine in conjunction with venous occlusion when the hand vein was chosen. Under the assumption of independent efficacy a third practical alternative could be pretreatment of the hand vein with lidocaine or ketamine and use of a propofol emulsion containing medium and long chain triglycerides. Although not the most effective intervention on its own, a small dose of opioids before induction halved the risk of pain from the injection and thus can generally be recommended unless contraindicated.

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